a short account of the destruction of the indies sparknotes
He holds to this pattern for 19 chapters, following the path of conquest from Hispaniola to Peru. This was not a debate in modern terms: the two men were never in the same room at the same time. Juan Friede and Benjamin Keen. The Spanish Struggle for Justice in the Conquest of America. As one historian writes, “No further attempt was made to change radically the laws and basic institutions that had been established in these fateful fifty years” (Hanke, p. 105). He wants the bloodshed to stop; but he wants it to stop so that true Christianity can take root in the New World. He freed his slaves and traveled to Spain, where he informed King Ferdinand of all the atrocities he had seen. His boldness in criticizing his own country’s policies, and especially his recognition of Native American culture and achievement, are fairly unusual. World Literature and Its Times: Profiles of Notable Literary Works and the Historic Events That Influenced Them. Competition from Portugal, France, and England was quick to arise, yet, despite this competition, by 1550 Spain was reaping the treasures of an empire that stretched from present-day California to the southernmost tip of South America. Bartolomé de las Casas was a Spanish historian and a social reformer who was writing in the 16th century, during the time of the Spanish occupation of the Indies. However, this denigration of Spain had nothing to do with Las Casas’s own intentions. plus shipping Though they never gave any real reason for the lack of concern for not carrying out their mission of converting the natives, it can be assumed that it was due to money. The purpose of the expeditions was primarily to convert the natives to Christianity and save them from eternal damnation. Conflict began when priests questioned native practices such as incest and bigamy. He wrote A Short Account of the Destruction of the Indies in 1542, a shocking catalogue of mass slaughter, torture and slavery, which showed that the evangelizing vision of Columbus had descended under later conquistadors into genocide. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Your paper will be a response to one of the following questions, with your answer serving as your thesis statement. An early traveller to the Americas who sailed on one of Columbus’s voyages, Las Casas was so horrified by the wholesale massacre he witnessed that he dedicated his life to protecting the Indian community. At first, the clergy made concessions to the natives, and learned their languages and customs in order to better preach the gospel. Buy A Short Account of the Destruction of the Indies by Casas, Bartolomé de las (ISBN: 9781539797722) from Amazon's Book Store. The first English version, entitled The Spanish Colonie … was made by one ‘M. Publication Date: 1598. They therefore deserve the same rights of sovereignty that Aristotle says should be given to all peoples, even those that are conquered. Over the course of these decades, the voice of Las Casas became preeminent in the defense of the natives. He may have felt the time was ripe for swaying public opinion, that given the debate, he would be striking at a moment when the Court was favorably disposed to his view. One of the most famous incidents in this battle was the debate between Las Casas and Juan Ginés de Sepúlveda, the chaplain to the King of Spain. In other words, Spain had lawful dominion over Native Americans but was obligated to attend to its new subjects’ souls by making real efforts to convert them to Christianity. World Literature and Its Times: Profiles of Notable Literary Works and the Historic Events That Influenced Them. Uniform Title Brevísima relación de la destrucción de las Indias. He peppers his account with reports of 30,000 natives killed in a single massacre, or of whole islands depopulated in a matter of months. Author. He compares them to Jeroboam, the Jewish king of the Old Testament book of I Kings who ordered his people to worship golden calves. They were similarly radical in their treatment of Indians: they restated the Laws of Burgos in even firmer terms, outlawed the enslavement of natives in any circumstances, and provided for punishment of any encomendero who mistreated his natives. : Hackett Pub., c2003. A Short Account of the Destruction of the Indies A Short Account of the Destruction of the Indies. Meditating on a biblical text that condemns oppression and hypocrisy, he came to believe that “everything which had been done to the Indians in the Indies was unjust and tyrannical” (Griffin in Las Casas, p. xxii). The New Laws “revoked or limited the right of the Spaniards to service and tribute from Indians, who would ultimately be put under the crown and administered by paid royal officials” (Hanke, p. 83). The colonists were outraged, and demanded that Montesino be punished. Las Casas does not doubt that the Spaniards deserve to possess the New World. All of his more rarefied philosophical arguments boiled down to the belief that the natives were “homunculi in whom hardly a vestige of humanity remains … pigs with their eyes always fixed on the ground” (Sepúlveda in Las Casas, p. xxviii). He writes, “These people are the most guileless, the most devoid of wickedness and duplicity, the most obedient to their native masters and to the Spanish Christians whom they serve” (Short Account, p. 28). For an all too brief period after the New Laws of 1542, it must have seemed as if the disastrous side-effects of the Conquest could be reversed: Spain appeared to have come to its senses and to be accentuating the more altruistic side of its mission to the New World. It is "absolutely necessary to carry…, A Shameful Revenge by María de Zayas y Sotomayor, 1637, A Scrap of Time and Other Stories (Skrawek Czasu), A Satirical Elegy on the Death of a Late Famous General, A Simple Heart (Un Coeur Simple) by Gustave Flaubert, 1877. A Short Account of the Destruction of the Indies is a brief yet highly repetitious book. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1984. One historian writes, “It begins with a brief history of the world since its creation and an account of the establishment of the Papacy, which leads naturally to a description of the donation by Alexander VI of ‘these isles and Tierra Firme’ to the Kings of Spain” (Hanke, p. 33). The slaves were used for everything from carrying packs, building large buildings, pearl diving, and even attacking other villages when the Spaniards didn't want to use their own men. One of the laws prohibits a Spaniard “from calling an Indian ‘dog’ or any other name unless it is his real name” (Hanke, p. 25). Try Prime. Even today, as much of Latin America struggles with the long after-effects of colonialism, he is cited in this regard. The Native Americans, they argued, were slaves by nature; the only way for Spaniards to convert them was to drag them forcibly from their own sloth. Bartolomé de las Casas reports to the King of Spain on the atrocities and injustices that Spanish soldiers have committed against the native people of the Americas. One side claimed that the natives were naturally servile, and could be brought to know God only by force and labor, which justified almost anything the Spanish did to keep them in line. One of the most famous incidents described by Las Casas involves four or five nobles tortured over an open fire. He wrote A Short Account of the Destruction of the Indies in 1542, a shocking catalogue of mass slaughter, torture and slavery, which showed that the evangelizing vision of Columbus had descended under later conquistadors into genocide. Publisher. Download for offline reading, highlight, bookmark or take notes while you read A Short Account of the Destruction of the Indies. Bartolomé de Las Casas was the first and fiercest critic of Spanish colonialism in the New World. In addition, his experience in the Junta seems to have prompted Las Casas to publicly print his Short Account the following year. Perhaps most horrific is the fate of the pearl diver. He even affirms that they deserve some authority over native peoples. This debate took place in 1551 in the Junta of Valladolid, a kind of court for judging grievances and points of law in Valladolid, Spain. From Wikisource < A Short Account of the Destruction of the Indies. Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA). Publication date 1992 Topics Send Cancel. Notes precede Las Casas' text that provide helpful background about why Las Casas wrote this work, how it relates to his other works, and its relationship to the political, social and economic dynamics of the first half of the Sixteenth Century. 0140445625. He experienced a spiritual turning point upon attending a sermon delivered by the Dominican friar Antonio de Montesinos, which convinced him of the injustice being wrought upon native peoples of the Americas, particularly in the Caribbean. Write a short paper (1350-1600 words, approx. Bartolomé de Las Casas was the first and fiercest critic of Spanish colonialism in the New World. In 1492 Spain was already among Europe’s principal kingdoms, wielding its power from the Netherlands to the Vatican to the Mediterranean. $14.99. establishment in the New World, in a way, attests to a new perspective of human nature. This is undoubtedly overstated: nothing can erase the slaughter of the conquistadors. This study guide contains the following sections: This detailed literature summary also contains Topics for Discussion and a Free Quiz on Read this book using Google Play Books app on your PC, android, iOS devices. For the next 30 years, the debate continued to rage, in letters sent between the colonies and Spain; in strife between soldiers and missionaries; and in councils held at the court city of Valladolid. They are chained around the neck; when a slave collapses, unable to work anymore, he is instantly beheaded so that the chain need not be broken. De Las Casas' commitment to saving the natives and to uncovering the truth of the conquest of the New World is astounding. Hatuey was eventually captured and condemned to be burned alive, in an effort to save his soul, a friar explained heaven, hell, and God to him. Those who did not fall prey to sharks died in a few weeks anyway, as the stress of repeated diving caused fatal hemorrhaging, and the cold water caused pneumonia. Impact The Short Account had a great impact on European society. His first complaint was that Sepúlveda, who had never been to the New World, relied for his knowledge of the Indians on the accounts of conquistadors and slaveowners. Subsequent voyages by Américo Vespucci confirmed that indeed Columbus had stumbled upon lands previously unknown to the Europeans, who called these lands the “Indies,” “West Indies,” or “New World.” An account in 1507 of Vespucci’s travels used “America” to designate South America and the West Indies, which others soon applied to the whole New World. Despite his strenuous objections to his country’s conduct in the New World, Las Casas remained a loyal subject of Spain and its King. Account & Lists Account Returns & Orders. Once they were sold they were worked to death within months, sometimes even days because they were overworked and never fed. Biermann, Benno M. “Bartolomé de Las Casas and Verapaz.” In Bartolomé de Las Casas and History. When Columbus returned from his first voyage to the New World, he did more than simply reshape the European conception of the world. A Short Account of the Destruction of the Indies (Book) Book Details. The roots of the encomienda system lay in the 1502 proclamation of Queen Isabella of Spain, which authorized the governor of Hispaniola (present-day Haiti) to “compel and force” the natives to grow crops, construct buildings, and mine gold—for a fair wage (McAllister, p. 157). The majority of the book is taken up by tales of unconscionable violence. A Short Account of the Destruction of the Indies was written with the task of informing the King of Spain about the murder and gold hoarding that was occurring in the New World. A Short Account of the Destruction of the Indies: | | A Brief Account of the Destruction of the Indies | | | ... World Heritage Encyclopedia, the aggregation of the largest online encyclopedias available, and the most definitive collection ever assembled. 1999. A Short Account of the Destruction of the Indiesby Friar Bartolomé de las CasasTHE LITERARY WORK A brief personal account written in 1542; published in Spanish (as Brevissima relación de la destrucción de las Indias) in 1552, in English in 1583.SYNOPSIS Bartolomé de las Casas reports to the King of Spain on the atrocities and injustices that Spanish soldiers have committed against the native people of the … A brief personal account written in 1542; published in Spanish (as Brevissima relación de la destrucción de las Indias) in 1552, in English in 1583. “The Controversy Between Sepúlveda and Las Casas in the Junta of Valladolid.” In Bartolomé de Las Casas in History.Ed. World Literature and Its Times: Profiles of Notable Literary Works and the Historic Events That Influenced Them. A Short Account of the Destruction of the Indies Research Paper ... 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